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What is Public Health?

Public health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organised efforts of society. It also considers principles of social justice and equity, promoting and protecting better health for all, leaving no-one behind. This means that public health holds a resolute focus on tackling inequalities in health, including those driven by racism and discrimination.

Rather than focussing on the health of the individual, public health works to protect and improve the health of communities and populations at local, regional, national, and global level.

Public health is a shared responsibility requiring collective action. As well as the specialist public health workforce, initiatives to improve public health may be delivered by governments, charities, community leaders, and businesses.

Examples of public health work include controlling infections, programmes to diagnose disease as early as possible, programmes to support healthy behaviours, ensuring people have access to nutritious food and safe housing, tackling climate change, and responding to major incidents and disasters. 

The shared aim of the diverse range of public health work is to offer populations the best chance to live long lives in good health.

Find out more

Conversations with senior leaders

The Faculty of Public Health has partnered with the Training in Public Health podcast to produce a series of episodes asking senior public health leaders the question "What is Public Health?"

Jennifer Dixon

Jennifer moved to public health drawn by her interest in health policy and economics. With a background in paediatric medicine, she sees public health as a field of growing opportunities and the place to be for professionals who want to tackle inequalities and the range of factors that impact health.

Listen to the full podcast

Jonathan Van-Tam

Jonathan is a Professor of Health Protection at the University of Nottingham and the former Deputy Chief Medical Officer. He received an MBE in 1998 and was knighted in the 2022 New Years honours list. 

Listen to the full podcast

Read our summary paper on 'What is Public Health?'
Read here
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Become a Member

FPH is the professional home for public health in the UK and abroad. We support over 5,000 members across all career stages enabling them to drive the profession forward and achieve our vision of improving public health.

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